Brazil; error = Bogotá region, Colombia.
Type specimen has sometimes been ascribed to populations from Panama and W Colombia, with consequent reshuffling of subspecific nomenclature; under that arrangement, birds currently listed as nominate become race interior, whereas those of current race micans become nominate. Another variation occasionally adopted, under present arrangement with type locality of Bogotá region, involves population around L Maracaibo basin being split as a separate race, for which name interior is likewise available; these differences, however, are slight, and subspecific separation of Maracaibo birds unjustified. In the past, race caeruleogaster often considered a separate species; differs from other forms of C. buffonii in its extensive glittering blue vs glittering green underparts in male (3), but, despite suggestions elsewhere, specimens in AMNH and NHMUK not appreciably larger than other taxa, nor is tail all dark blue vs green-and-dark blue (both sexes) or underparts plain grey vs green-mottled grey (female). Race intermedia of C. urochrysia, from SW Ecuador, sometimes ascribed to present species, but its largely pinkish mandible supports treatment in that species; nevertheless, it may be better considered a separate species; more study required. Four subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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