Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

White-whiskered Hermit (Phaethornis yaruqui)


French: Ermite yaruqui German: Smaragdschattenkolibri Spanish: Ermitaño de Yaruqui

Trochilus Yaruqui


, 1851,

Yaruqui, Ecuador


W Colombian population formerly separated as race sanctijohannis, but description was based on immature birds. Monotypic.


W Colombia (N Chocó) S to W Ecuador (to El Oro); possibly SW Panama.

Descriptive notes

c. 13 cm; male 4–7 g, female 4–6·5 g. Medium-sized hermit hummingbird with bluish green upperparts, green to dark grey underparts, and white gular stripe... read more


Song a continuous series of rather harsh “kree-u” notes, at rate of c. 1/second.  


Humid pre-montane and montane forests, humid secondary growth, dense shrubbery and plantations.... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar and small arthropods. Flowers visited include Heliconia, Ericaceae, Rubiaceae and Bromeliaceae. Feeds by trap-lining.


Season undescribed, but data on gonadal activity point to Nov–Jul. Cone-shaped nest, fastened to the underside of long, hanging... read more


Reports of seasonal movements to higher altitudes in Ecuador, but primarily sedentary. Recent... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Generally common in wet forests; long-term survival clearly depends on habitat conservation. Commonest Phaethornis in Pacific... read more

Recommended citation

Hinkelmann, C. & Boesman, P. (2020). White-whiskered Hermit (Phaethornis yaruqui). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).