Probably closely related to M. fulvogularis and M. mystacalis. Race inornata the most distinctive, male with little or no streaking below breast, female with little or no breast patch, but variation likely clinal. Birds from SE Nicaragua to W Panama sometimes separated as race fuliginosa, but this name probably based on an aberrant individual and these populations are indistinguishable from inornata; birds from Pacific coast of Chocó, in NW Colombia, described as race chocoana, inseparable from panamensis. Four subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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