Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

White-whiskered Spinetail (Synallaxis candei)


French: Synallaxe à moustaches German: Weißbart-Dickichtschlüpfer Spanish: Pijuí barbiblanco

Synnalaxis [sic] Candei

d’Orbigny and Lafresnaye

, 1838,

Cartagena, Colombia


Closest to S. erythrothorax. See also S. kollari. Distributional boundaries of races require confirmation. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. c. venezuelensis Cory, 1913 – extreme N Colombia (Guajira Peninsula, S to Cesar) and NW Venezuela (Zulia E to E Falcón and Lara).
  • S. c. candei d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1838 – N Colombia (N Sucre E to W Magdalena).
  • S. c. atrigularis (Todd, 1917) – N Colombia (middle Magdalena Valley of S Bolívar).
  • Descriptive notes

    15–17 cm; 14–16 g. Distinctive, boldly patterned spinetail. Nominate race has blackish face, broad rufous super­cilium from just above eye back to nape; crown... read more


    Song a nasal “a-dít-dít-du”, often repeated, rather similar to voice of... read more


    Tropical deciduous forest, arid lowland scrub, usually with cacti as prominent component of... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods. Usually forages in pairs. Gleans items mainly from ground beneath shrubs, but also from twigs and branches within 2 m of ground. read more


    Breeds evidently during wet season, Oct–Jan; eggs and nestlings in Dec in Venezuela. Presumably monogamous. Nest a bulky mass c. 70... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Caribbean Colombia and Venezuela EBA. Fairly common to common throughout most of range. No data on densities,... read more

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr (2020). White-whiskered Spinetail (Synallaxis candei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).