Family New World Sparrows (Passerellidae)

Least Concern

White-winged Brush-finch (Atlapetes leucopterus)


French: Tohi leucoptère German: Spiegelbuschammer Spanish: Atlapetes aliblanco

Arremon leucopterus


, 1856,

eastern cordillera of Ecuador [“eastern” probably a lapsus for “western”, although the species may occasionally occur on E slope]


Hitherto treated as conspecific with A. paynteri. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. l. leucopterus (Jardine, 1856) – White-winged Brush-finch – W slope in Ecuador (S to Chumbo Valley).
  • A. l. dresseri (Taczanowski, 1883) – White-cheeked Brush-finch – SW Ecuador (El Oro and Loja) and NW Peru (Tumbes S to Cajamarca).
  • Descriptive notes

    15·5–16·5 cm; 18·6–26·1 g (race dresseri). Small brush-finch, dark-backed, whitish-bellied, with large white patch at base of primaries, long bill only moderately... read more


    Song of race dresseri comprises a two-part series of high-pitched thin notes, lacking many... read more


    Dry to fairly humid brushy areas and low woodlands. May occupy very dry shrubby hillsides with... read more

    Food and feeding

    One stomach contained mostly ants (Formicidae), as well as grit. Forages on and near ground. Typically, observed to scratch in leaf litter... read more


    Juveniles in Jun in S Ecuador (Loja) and dependent fledglings in May in NW Ecuador, where adults carrying nesting material observed in... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common in Ecuador; fairly common in Peru. This species is reasonably widespread and relatively common, with no signs... read more

    Recommended citation

    Jaramillo, A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). White-winged Brush-finch (Atlapetes leucopterus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).