Family Larks (Alaudidae)

Least Concern

White-winged Lark (Alauda leucoptera)


French: Alouette leucoptère German: Weißflügellerche Spanish: Calandria aliblanca

Alauda leucoptera


, 1811,

Baraba steppe region of north-east Kazakhstan and south Siberia#R


Previously treated in Melanocorypha, but genetic data place this species within Alauda#R. Monotypic.


SW Russia (S to NW Caspian Sea) and N Kazakhstan E to NW China; winters S to Black Sea region and N Iran.

Descriptive notes

c. 18 cm; male 40–52 g, female 36–48 g. Rather well-proportioned lark with moderately large bill, long wings, distinctive wing pattern. Male has rufous forehead,... read more


Song, from ground or low perch or in flight, a protracted mix of twittering and trills with... read more


Breeds mainly on flat or slightly undulating, dry grass steppe (e.g. Stipa and Festuca... read more

Food and feeding

Invertebrates and seeds. In summer, apparently mainly insects; in one study, beetles (Coleoptera) formed up to 50% of diet, orthopterans 32... read more


Season late Apr/early May to early Aug; number of broods uncertain, conflicting reports of one or two (two more likely in view of drawn-out... read more


Largely migratory. Winters mainly in SW part of breeding range, and from N of Black Sea S through... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally common. No reliable population estimates; generally less numerous than other larks occurring in same region. Apparent decrease in... read more

Recommended citation

Alström, P. (2020). White-winged Lark (Alauda leucoptera). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).