Cabbage Tree Island, Port Stephens, New South Wales, Australia.
Forms part of assemblage often referred to as subgenus Cookilaria. Often treated as conspecific with P. brevipes, which is slightly paler and with less extensive hood (1), has broader dark trailing edge of wing (1), lacks paler inner webs of primaries (1), and has shorter legs (2) and longer wing (2). Recent analysis of plumage alone found no consistent differences between nominate and race caledonica#R, although see below under Descriptive notes for suggested size differences. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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