Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

White-winged Pigeon (Patagioenas albipennis)


French: Pigeon à ailes blanches German: Weißbugtaube Spanish: Paloma moteada aliblanca

Columba albipennis

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1876,

Pitumarca, Peru


Hitherto treated as a race of P. maculosa but here given species status on account of broad white wingband on closed and open wing formed by broad white edges to outer wing-coverts (3); paler brown-grey wing-coverts with less pronounced white spotting (2); longer bill, effect size 2.39 (2); in addition, iris may be paler (NHMUK label data), and probably with ecological differences given confinement above 2000 m vs confinement of maculosa below 1000 m. Related to P. picazuro. Monotypic.


C Peru (Lima) S to W & C Bolivia and extreme NW Argentina (N Jujuy), as well as N Chile (Arica y Parinacota and Tarapacá)#R.

Descriptive notes

33–34 cm. Head, neck, rump and entire underparts blue-grey, with purplish tone (especially in male), mantle and wing-coverts grey-brown with white edges to feathers; tail... read more


No known differences from P. maculosa. Song a gruff “rrrrrow grr-g’RRRR grr-g’RRRR grr-g’... read more


Frequents arid to semi-arid fairly open woodland and scrub, including Polylepis in Bolivia... read more

Food and feeding

Very little known. Typically observed in small flocks, feeding on ground.


No information, but frequency of calling apparently increases in Oct, suggesting that this might indicate the onset of the breeding season.


No specific information, but seasonal altitudinal displacements appear likely.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Possibly increasing due to greater availability of trees (in plantations) within Andes. Locally distributed on plateaux in Andean... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). White-winged Pigeon (Patagioenas albipennis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).