French: Dindon sauvage German: Truthuhn Spanish: Guajolote gallipavo
Other common names:
Eastern Wild Turkey (silvestris),
Florida Turkey (osceola),
Rio Grande Turkey (intermedia),
Merriam's Turkey (merriami),
Gould's Turkey (mexicana)
North America = Mexico
Subspecies and Distribution
M. g. silvestris
Vieillot, 1817 – E North America from S Canada (S Ontario) S in USA, W to Great Plains, into Texas and N Florida.
M. g. osceola
W. E. D. Scott, 1890 – peninsular Florida (SE USA).
M. g. intermedia
Sennett, 1879 – C USA (Kansas) S into N Mexico; also translocated to areas W of historical range, including California, Oregon and Washington.
M. g. merriami
Nelson, 1900 – W Great Plains and Rocky Mts S to NW Mexico (N Sonora); also translocated to areas W of historical range, including Wyoming, Idaho, Oregon and Washington.
M. g. mexicana
Gould, 1856 – Mexico in mountains W of Central Plateau (C & W Chihuahua and S Sonora S to Jalisco and E Sinaloa).
M. g. gallopavo
Linnaeus, 1758 – SC Mexico Jalisco E to Veracruz, and S to Guerrero; formerly to Oaxaca.
Male 100–125 cm, and 5000–11,200 g (may reach 13,100 g in captivity); female 76–95 cm, and 2200–4200 g. Male up to 30% larger than female and has well... read more
Displaying male utters liquid-sounding ‘gobbling’ (audible over > 1 km) which is... read more
Tolerant of broad range of conditions, from temperate (including pines) and subtropical forests to... read more
Food and feeding
Most feeding occurs on ground and sometimes forms large, usually single-sex flocks in winter (exceptionally up to 500 in race ... read more
Gregarious with well-developed social hierarchy, but males do not defend well-defined territories. Starts in early spring (exceptionally... read more
Not long-distance migrants, moving only 5–20 km; some altitudinal migration occurs in... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Numerous and hunted as game species throughout much of range. Populations declined as result of over-exploitation, with total numbers... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!