French: Hirondelle à longs brins German: Rotkappenschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina colilarga
Chisalla Island, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
H. s. smithii
Leach, 1818 – sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal, S Mali and C Ivory Coast E to C & SE Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia, and S (outside C rainforest zone) to N Namibia, N Botswana and NE South Africa.
H. s. filifera
Stephens, 1826 – breeding visitor to S Uzbekistan, S Tajikistan, Afghanistan, N Pakistan and NW India; resident in SE Pakistan, most of India, SW Nepal, Myanmar, N Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and C Vietnam.
14–21 cm; 9–17 g. Distinctive. Has forehead and crown rufous-chestnut, upperparts glossy blue; wings and tail black with blue gloss, white patches on inner webs... read more
Twittering song “chirrickweet chirrickweet”; calls include a “chit-chit”... read more
Grassland, savanna, open woodland, clearings, cultivation, also human habitations, including towns... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes flies (Diptera), beetles (Coleoptera), bugs (Hemiptera), butterflies and moths (Lepidoptera), mayflies (Ephemeroptera),... read more
Generally two peaks, at start of rains, e.g. Jan–May and Jul–Dec in Senegal, all year (peaks Jan–Mar and Jul–Aug)... read more
In Africa, resident near nest-site in some areas, e.g. in Gambia, Central African Republic and W... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Varies from uncommon to locally abundant. Uncommon in W Africa, common and more widespread in E, common to locally very common in S; common to... read more
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