Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Wompoo Fruit-dove (Megaloprepia magnifica)


French: Ptilope magnifique German: Purpurbrust-Fruchttaube Spanish: Tilopo magnífico

Columba magnifica


, 1821,

New South Wales, Australia


Affinities with Ramphiculus leclancheri, R. epius, R. subgularis and R. mangoliensis have been suggested. Some of accepted races are poorly defined, and variation clinal. Proposed races interposita (Wandammen Peninsula, in W New Guinea) and septentrionalis (Yapen I and N & E New Guinea) are synonymized with poliura; alaris (W Papuan Is) is subsumed within puella. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. m. puella (Lesson & Garnot, 1827) – W Papuan Is (Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool) and NW New Guinea (Vogelkop).
  • M. m. poliura Salvadori, 1878 – most of lowland New Guinea (except NW), including islands off N coast.
  • M. m. assimilis (Gould, 1850) – NE Australia (Cape York region of N Queensland).
  • M. m. keri Mathews, 1912 – Bellenden Ker Range (near SE base of Cape York Peninsula).
  • M. m. magnifica (Temminck, 1821) – coastal S Queensland S to CE New South Wales.
  • Descriptive notes

    29–45 cm; c. 150–500 g. Large and long-tailed; head and neckgrey to greenish grey; mantle, rump and uppertail-coverts bright green with yellow tinge; wings mostly... read more


    In New Guinea the advertising song is described as a low-pitched, throaty, two-note call '... read more


    Inhabits a variety of forest types: primary and well developed secondary rain forest, gallery... read more

    Food and feeding

    Frugivorous; eats a wide variety of fruits; a study in Papua New Guinea documented over 50 species of fruit in diet; most important plant... read more


    Mainly from middle of dry season to early wet season in both Papua New Guinea and E Australia, though some breeding probably occurs all... read more


    In E Australia, some populations are sedentary; others undertake widespread movements in response... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Remains widespread and common to fairly common in many areas. However, the southernmost race, nominate magnifica, has... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Wompoo Fruit-dove (Megaloprepia magnifica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 January 2020).