French: Pie-grièche à tête rousse German: Rotkopfwürger Spanish: Alcaudón común
“Indiis”; error = Rhine valley, Germany
Subspecies and Distribution
L. s. senator
Linnaeus, 1758 – Woodchat Shrike – patchily from N Spain and C & S France (mainly Languedoc–Roussillon and Côte d’Azur) E to Sicily, Greece (including Corfu, Crete and most bigger islands in Aegean Sea), coastal Balkans E to E Romania, S Bulgaria and W Turkey, also locally and irregularly Switzerland, SW Germany (upper Rhine Valley, foothills of Swabian Mts, Saarland), Poland, and Slovakia; non-breeding W & C Africa.
L. s. rutilans
Temminck, 1839 – Iberian Peninsula (except N Spain), and NW Africa from W Morocco E to NW & NE Libya, S to S slopes of Anti-Atlas and Middle and High Atlas; non-breeding W Africa.
L. s. niloticus
(Bonaparte, 1853) – Cyprus, S & E Turkey and Levant E to Transcaucasia, N Iraq (Kurdistan), Kuwait#R and Iran (Zagros Mts; possibly also SE to Baluchistan and in Elburz Mts); non-breeding E Africa and (rare) SW Arabia.
L. s. badius
Hartlaub, 1854 – Balearic Shrike – islands in W Mediterranean (Balearics, Capraia, Corsica, Sardinia); non-breeding W Africa.
18–19 cm; 21–59 g. A medium-sized, rather bulky-looking shrike with distinctive plumage pattern. Male nominate race has black forehead and facial mask to ear-... read more
Contact calls described as “kwikwik” or “pitquür”, and alarm as... read more
Generally in semi-open areas with bushes and well-spaced trees, such as open woodland, old orchards... read more
Food and feeding
Almost exclusively insectivorous, with preference mostly for larger insects such as beetles (of families Carabidae and Scarabaeidae),... read more
Laying early May to end Jun in C Europe, earlier, from Apr, in N Africa and from Mar in Israel; two broods usual in S (N Africa and Israel... read more
Migratory, wintering in vast belt of sub-Saharan Africa N of equator, and in small numbers in S... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Locally common; rare in N parts of range. Majority of European population inhabits Mediterranean region, where Iberian Peninsula may hold over 600,... read more
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