French: Martin-chasseur du Sénégal German: Senegalliest Spanish: Alción senegalés
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
H. s. senegalensis
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Senegambia E to Ethiopia and S to W Kenya, NW Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi; N birds migrate S in winter.
H. s. fuscopileus
Reichenow, 1906 – Sierra Leone to S Nigeria, Bioko I (breeding not confirmed)#R and Congo Basin.
H. s. cyanoleuca
(Vieillot, 1818) – W Tanzania S to Angola, N Namibia, N & E Botswana and NE South Africa; winters in equatorial Africa N to South Sudan.
23 cm; male 41–60 g, female 55–64 g, in S Africa 60–81 g. Medium-sized kingfisher. Both sexes nominate race greyish crown, black lores, blue hindneck,... read more
Single sharp “tiu” followed by loud fast trill lasting 2–3 seconds, slowing and... read more
Woodland, riverine forest, wooded areas around human dwellings, and forest clearings and edges; in... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, mainly grasshoppers and locusts (Orthoptera, Acrididae), beetles (Buprestidae, Carabidae, Cerambycidae, Cetoniidae, Cicindelidae,... read more
Lays in Mar–Sept, possibly also Oct, and Dec in N tropics, in Aug–Feb in Zaire, in Nov–Feb in Rwanda, in Nov–Dec in... read more
Populations in equatorial forest (fuscopilea) sedentary; savanna populations also... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread and common in many parts of its range. Is able to breed in cleared areas, provided some large trees remain. Migrants are often killed at... read more
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