French: Alouette lulu German: Heidelerche Spanish: Alondra totovía
Subspecies and Distribution
L. a. arborea
(Linnaeus, 1758) – S Fennoscandia, S Britain, France and N Iberia E to W Russia, Ukraine, N Italy and N Balkans.
L. a. pallida
Zarudny, 1902 – S Europe and NW Africa E (including larger Mediterranean islands) to Turkey, Caucasus, Levant (S to N Israel), Iran and SW Turkmenistan.
15 cm; 23–35 g. Medium-sized lark with relatively slender bill, longish broad wings and short tail (looking dumpy in flight), short erectile crest, distinctive plumage... read more
Male song, in flight or from ground or perch, including at night, a clear, rich and melodious... read more
Variety of open and semi-open habitats on well-drained soils, with preference for acidic sandy... read more
Food and feeding
Predominantly invertebrates during summer, vegetable matter in winter. Possibly more generally omnivorous throughout year than Alauda... read more
Mar–Jul, exceptionally to Aug; 2–3 broods. Monogamous; solitary and territorial. Male has well-developed butterfly-like song... read more
Resident, with short-distance dispersal, in W & S of range. Partial migrant in C Europe,... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common; rather sparsely distributed, and often local. Total European population in 1990s estimated at between 900,000 and c. 3,000,000 pairs,... read more
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