Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Xantus's Hummingbird (Basilinna xantusii)


French: Saphir de Xantus German: Schwarzstirn-Saphirkolibri Spanish: Colibrí de Xantus

Amazilia Xantusii


, 1861,

near Cape San Lucas, Baja California Sur, Mexico


Closely related to B. leucotis. Monotypic.


S Baja California, including Cerralvo I and perhaps sporadically San José I (Gulf of California). Vagrant in S California (USA), where attempted to nest.

Descriptive notes

8–9 cm; 3·2–4·0 g. Male has bill straight, moderately long, red with black tip; head blue-black with white postocular stripe above black auriculars... read more


The presumed song is a varied, buzzy, scratchy to crackling, sometimes even squeaky, warbling... read more


In cape region, occurs in several habitats including oak-pine forest (Quercus devia, ... read more

Food and feeding

In pine-oak forest, the small tubular flowers of madrone trees (Arbutus peninsularis) are a critical nectar resource during late... read more


In Sierra de la Giganta, from Feb to at least Apr; nests low in various trees (cottonwood, willow, avocado, lemon). In Sierra de La Laguna... read more


Sedentary, although vagrants have been recorded N to S California, USA (Dec 1986, Jan–Mar... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Baja California EBA. Occurs almost exclusively in Baja California Sur, where only one other... read more

Recommended citation

Scott, P.E. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Xantus's Hummingbird (Basilinna xantusii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 May 2019).