French: Oriole noir et or German: Schwarzflügeltrupial Spanish: Turpial dorsidorado
Subspecies and Distribution
I. c. mayensis
van Rossem, 1938 – N Yucatán Peninsula (SE Mexico).
I. c. chrysater
(Lesson, 1844) – C & S Yucatán Peninsula (S to Belize) and S Mexico (inland S Veracruz, extreme E Oaxaca and Chiapas) S to N Nicaragua.
I. c. giraudii
Cassin, 1848 – C Panama (on both coasts) to NW Venezuela (Miranda) and C & SW Colombia; recently recorded, status uncertain, in extreme NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas).
c. 21–24 cm; male average 51·8 g, female average 48·7 g. Male nominate race is golden-yellow, with contrasting black forehead to throat and upper breast,... read more
Song varies in length, in Panama 4–8 ascending and descending whistles, in Colombia 5–... read more
Found in varied habitats, including native pine (Pinus) woodlands in Mexico, Belize and... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, other arthropods, fruits and nectar. Insects in stomach contents from Panama included beetles (of families Cerambycidae and... read more
Season Feb–May in Panama, and egg-laying also in Jan in Colombia. Probably monogamous. Solitary breeder. One nest in Panama was a... read more
Appears resident; possibly some altitudinal movement by highland populations of nominate race.
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to locally fairly common. Tolerates, and even thrives in, modified habitats; apparently invaded Santa Marta region of N... read more
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