Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Yellow-billed Cardinal (Paroaria capitata)


French: Paroare à bec jaune German: Gelbschnabeltangare Spanish: Cardenilla piquigualda

T[achyphonus]. capitatus


, 1837,

no locality = Corrientes, Argentina


See P. gularis (below). Race fuscipes weakly differentiated; species perhaps better treated as monotypic. Two subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. c. capitata#R (d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837) – S Brazil (SW Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul and Rio Grande do Sul, rarely further E) and adjacent Bolivia (E Santa Cruz) S through Paraguay to N Argentina (E Salta, Formosa and Corrientes S to W Córdoba and N Buenos Aires) and extreme NW Uruguay.
  • P. c. fuscipes J. Bond & Meyer de Schauensee, 1939 – E Tarija, SE Bolivia.
  • Introduced (nominate race) in Hawaiian Is.

    Descriptive notes

    16·5 cm; 17–24·5 g. A medium-sized, rather slim passerine with rounded crown and somewhat rounded tail; bill longer than it is deep, and with gently... read more


    Song a melodious repetition of 2–3 notes in set pattern, e.g. “tweew wiit-teew, tweew... read more


    Marshes with shrubs or woody vegetation, flooded grasslands adjacent to shrubs or woody vegetation... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food includes vegetable matter such as seeds, young shoots and berries, also insects; highly adaptable, and in areas near humans may feed... read more


    Season Sept–Mar. Nest cup-shaped, made from fibres and lined with short rootlets and hair, placed 1·4–3·6 m from... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally common. Has a substantial range, and no evidence of population declines. Introduced in Hawaii c. 1930, and present on the larger islands.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Jaramillo, A. (2020). Yellow-billed Cardinal (Paroaria capitata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).