Family Nuthatches (Sittidae)

Near Threatened

Yellow-billed Nuthatch (Sitta solangiae)


French: Sittelle à bec jaune German: Gelbschnabelkleiber Spanish: Trepador piquigualdo

Calositta solangiae

Delacour and Jabouille

, 1930,

Loquiho, near Cha Pa, north-west Tonkin, Vietnam


Sometimes placed with S. frontalis and S. oenochlamys in a separate genus, Oenositta, and these three species have sometimes been considered conspecific. Present species, however, occurs together with S. frontalis in Vietnam, overlapping in both range and altitude in NW Tonkin (Fan Si Pan Range) and S Annam (Da Lat Plateau). Relationship with S. oenochlamys more problematic, but Hainan race chienfengensis#R of present species may form link between them (both are yellow-billed, whereas S. frontalis has red bill). Three subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. s. solangiae (Delacour & Jabouille, 1930) – N Vietnam (Fan Si Pan Range, in NW Tonkin).
  • S. s. chienfengensis Cheng Tsohsin et al., 1964 – S Hainan, in S China.
  • S. s. fortior Delacour & Greenway, 1939 – Da Lat Plateau (Langbian Plateau), in S Vietnam (SC Annam). Probably this race recently found at Kont Tum Plateau in C Vietnam (C Annam) and Xe Sap region in SE Laos.
  • Descriptive notes

    12·5–13·5 cm; 14–16 g (chienfengensis). A medium-small to medium-sized nuthatch with yellow bill, iris and eyering, black forecrown and... read more


    Calls include “chit”, often doubled or in series, “chit-it” or “chit-... read more


    Hill evergreen forest, including relatively open, partially logged areas. In Vietnam, recorded at c... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food insects. Found singly or in small groups on Hainan; in Vietnam in groups of up to five individuals, in mixed-species foraging flocks... read more


    Adults feeding fledged young in C Annam on 5th Mar and on Hainan on 22nd Apr. No other information.  



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restrictedrange species: present in Hainan EBA and in Da Lat Plateau EBA and in Fan Si-Pan and Northern Laos... read more

    Recommended citation

    Harrap, S. (2020). Yellow-billed Nuthatch (Sitta solangiae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 6 April 2020).