French: Bruant auréole German: Weidenammer Spanish: Escribano aureolado
Irtysh River, south-central Siberia, Russia
Subspecies and Distribution
E. a. aureola
Pallas, 1773 – W Russia E to R Kolyma, S to N Ukraine, N Kazakhstan and W & C Mongolia, formerly E Finland; winters in S & SE Asia.
E. a. ornata
Shulpin, 1928 – E Transbaikalia, NE Mongolia and NE China (Heilongjiang) E to Anadyrland, Kamchatka, Sea of Okhotsk coast, Sakhalin, and N Japan and Kuril Is; winters in N Indian Subcontinent, S China and SE Asia.
14–15·5 cm; 14–33 g. Medium-sized bunting, slightly larger than E. rutila, with longish bill; distinctive in most plumages. Male nominate race... read more
Song, usually from exposed perch on top of tree or bush, a series of usually 5–9 units... read more
Breeds in bushy areas, deciduous scrub and copses, very often along watercourses, edges of lakes... read more
Food and feeding
During breeding season mostly invertebrates, at other times seeds and other plant material; vegetable items taken throughout year. Recorded... read more
Season normally starts from second half Jun to beginning Jul; one brood, rarely two. Nest built by female alone, taking 3–5 days, of... read more
Migratory; winters from C & E Nepal, Bangladesh and NE India E to SE China (Guangdong) and... read more
Status and conservation
CRITICALLY ENDANGERED. Fairly common to locally abundant; declining rapidly. Estimated global population 120,000–1,000,000 mature individuals. Population conjectured to... read more
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