Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Yellow-breasted Crake (Hapalocrex flaviventer)


Taxonomy

French: Marouette à sourcils blancs German: Gelbbrust-Sumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela pálida
Taxonomy:

Rallus flaviventer

Boddaert

, 1783,

Cayenne, French Guiana

.

Previously placed in Porzana, but does not closely resemble any member of that genus; due to similarities in face pattern and bill structure, sometimes placed, with Old World Amaurornis cinerea, in genus Poliolimnas. One molecular analysis found that present species is not close to A. cinerea but, rather, is sister to a clade consisting of Rufirallus and Porzana#R. Five subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. f. gossii (Bonaparte, 1856) – Cuba and Jamaica.
  • H. f. hendersoni (Bartsch, 1917) – Hispaniola and Puerto Rico.
  • H. f. woodi (van Rossem, 1934) – S Mexico to NW Costa Rica.
  • H. f. bangsi (Darlington, 1931) – N Colombia.
  • H. f. flaviventer (Boddaert, 1783) – Panama, N & C Colombia and W Ecuador (Manabí)#R to Venezuela, Trinidad and the Guianas, and S to N, EC & S Brazil, E Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay and NE Argentina.
  • Descriptive notes

    12·5–14 cm; male 22–29 (26) g; female 20–28 (24) g. Sexes alike. Very small crake, with long toes which enable it to walk on floating vegetation;... read more

    Voice

    Low, harsh, rolled or churring “k'kuk kurr-kurr”; plaintive, squealing, single or repeated “kreer”... read more

    Habitat

    Freshwater marshes, grassy edges of lakes and ponds, flooded fields, rice fields, and floating... read more

    Food and feeding

    Small gastropods, insects and seeds, taken from water, mud and vegetation. Forages among emergent plants; emerges from cover in early... read more

    Breeding

    El Salvador, male in breeding condition Aug; Costa Rica, Jul; Trinidad, male in breeding condition Feb; Colombia, “immature”... read more

    Movements

    Normally regarded as sedentary, and no definite movements recorded, but seen only Mar–Jul at... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Formerly regarded as locally abundant in Cuba, locally common in Mexico, and locally common in Trinidad, El Salvador and Panama.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Taylor, B. & de Juana, E. (2019). Yellow-breasted Crake (Hapalocrex flaviventer). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53668 on 15 December 2019).