Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Least Concern

Yellow-browed Bulbul (Acritillas indica)


French: Bulbul à sourcils d’or German: Goldbrauenbülbül Spanish: Bulbul cejiamarillo

T[richophorus]. Indicus


, 1839,

Nilgiri district, India


Races poorly differentiated, and might even be based on age-related characters, so species sometimes considered monotypic; thorough review necessary. Putative race intensior (Kunjapani, in Tamil Nadu) indistinguishable from nominate. Three subspecies tentatively recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. i. icterica (Strickland, 1844) – Western Ghats (C Maharashtra S to Kerala) and Eastern Ghats (Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu), in peninsular India.
  • A. i. indica (Jerdon, 1839) – SW India and Sri Lanka (except SW).
  • A. i. guglielmi (Ripley, 1946) – SW Sri Lanka.
  • Descriptive notes

    20 cm; 27–34 g. A trim, brightly coloured bulbul with prominent large dark eyes, slightly decurved bill. Nominate race has brow, orbital region, face and throat bright... read more


    Cheery, varied, and near-continuous whistles. Songs include brief, bright, loud, rollicking warble... read more


    Sholas, evergreen forest edge, secondary forest, shade coffee plantations, undergrowth and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly fruit and seeds; also many invertebrates, including spiders (Araneae) and variety of winged insects. Noted as eating flowers and... read more


    Breeds chiefly Jan–May, sometimes extending to Sept; mostly Apr–May in Sri Lanka. The fact that small parties are sometimes... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Often common or very common throughout Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, wherever suitable wooded habitat exists. Fairly common as far N as Mahabaleshwar... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2020). Yellow-browed Bulbul (Acritillas indica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 February 2020).