Family Vireos (Vireonidae)

Least Concern

Yellow-browed Shrike-vireo (Vireolanius eximius)


French: Smaragdan à sourcils jaunes German: Gelbbrauenvireo Spanish: Vireón cejiamarillo

Vireolanius eximius

S. F. Baird

, 1866,



Often treated as conspecific with V. pulchellus, but differs in its bold yellow vs bright green supercilium (3); narrow black loral line from bill to eye (2); greenish-yellow vs yellowish-green breast to vent, and slightly less intense yellow on throat, resulting in little contrast between throat and breast (2); moreover, no intergrades known where ranges approach each other in E Panama. See also V. leucotis (below). Poorly known race mutabilis (described from female specimen) not always recognized, as differences are slight. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • V. e. mutabilis Nelson, 1912 – E Panama (E Darién, Cana) and NW Colombia (Córdoba, Antioquia, N Chocó).
  • V. e. eximius S. F. Baird, 1866 – N Colombia (SW Guajira and Cesar S to Santander and Boyacá) and NW Venezuela (Sierra de Perijá, W Zulia and S Táchira); birds of C Colombia (Meta) presumed this race.
  • Descriptive notes

    14 cm. Male nominate race has forehead, crown and nape sky-blue, greenish patch on rear of crown; supercilium (extending above bill) and area under eye bright lemon-yellow,... read more


    Song (in Panama), delivered from hidden perch in forest canopy, a continuously repeated "peer-peer-... read more


    Canopy of humid tropical forest and tall second-growth woodland, mostly in foothill zone; generally... read more

    Food and feeding

    No data on diet; probably similar to that of V. pulchellus. Usually found while gleaning, with lethargic and deliberate movements... read more


    Birds in breeding condition in May and Jun in Colombia (S Bolívar and N Antioquia). No other information.


    No evidence of any movements.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally rather uncommon in much of range. Depends upon largely undisturbed lowland forest. Occurs in Darién National Park, in Panama, and... read more

    Recommended citation

    Brewer, D. (2019). Yellow-browed Shrike-vireo (Vireolanius eximius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 April 2019).