Family Honeyeaters (Meliphagidae)

Least Concern

Yellow Chat (Epthianura crocea)


French: Epthianure à collier German: Safrantrugschmätzer Spanish: Eptianuro amarillo

Epthianura crocea

Castelnau and E. P. Ramsay

, 1877,

Norman River, Queensland, Australia


Proposed race boweri (King Sound and Fitzroy R, in N Western Australia) now considered synonymous with nominate. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. c. tunneyi Mathews, 1912 – NW Northern Territory (W Arnhem Land).
  • E. c. crocea Castelnau & E. P. Ramsay, 1877 – N Western Australia (SW & NE Kimberley region, King Sound and Fitzroy R) E patchily to E Northern Territory (Barkly Tableland) and W Queensland, thence S to NE South Australia (Eromanga–L Eyre Basin).
  • E. c. macgregori Keast, 1958 – lower Dawson–Mackenzie Basin, in CE Queensland.
  • Descriptive notes

    11–12 cm; 7–10 g. Distinctive yellowish chat. Male nominate race in breeding plumage is unmistakable: has most of head and neck orange-yellow or bright yellow... read more


    Song, often given by male when perched, a high-pitched “tee-tsu-tee” or “pee-ee... read more


    Low vegetation surrounding ephemeral wetlands, including samphire and freshwater swamps, bore... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food mainly insects, including ants (of family Formicidae), beetles (of family Chrysomelidae), moths and caterpillars (Lepidoptera) and... read more


    Recorded in all months except Feb, Aug and Sept. Little information on bonds and breeding behaviour. Nest a small cup made of grasses or... read more


    Not understood. Probably largely nomadic, and locally and/or seasonally common at some localities... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common to rare; rarer and more locally distributed than other members of family. Some concern for certain populations. Nominate race... read more

    Recommended citation

    Matthew, J. (2020). Yellow Chat (Epthianura crocea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).