Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet (Tyrannulus elatus)


Taxonomy

French: Tyranneau roitelet German: Gelbscheitel-Olivtyrann Spanish: Mosquerito coronado
Taxonomy:

S[ylvia]. elata

Latham

, 1790,

Cayenne

.

Birds from Panama named as race panamensis and birds from N Bolivia as benii; in examination of large series of specimens, however, both appeared indistinguishable from other populations. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Extreme S Costa Rica, Panama, and forested South American lowlands S to WC Ecuador and, E of Andes, from Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas and Amazonian Brazil (E to Maranhão) S to E Peru and N Bolivia.

Descriptive notes

10–11 cm; 6·5–8 g. A stubby-billed tyrannulet that is heard far more often than it is seen. Male has slate-grey to dark brown or blackish crown, long... read more

Voice

Distinctive, easily heard, brief disyllabic call, first note higher and second slightly slurred... read more

Habitat

Humid lowland evergreen forest, especially in second growth, forest edges, lighter woodland,... read more

Food and feeding

Insects and variety of small fruits; recorded foods include Capsicum and, especially, mistletoe (Loranthaceae) berries. Forages... read more

Breeding

Mar–Aug in Panama and Jan–Sept in Colombia. Nest (Panama) a simple, shallow cup 4 cm in diameter, 1 cm deep, made of fine twigs... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to common. Occurs in many national parks and other protected areas throughout its large range. Tolerates degraded and disturbed habitats,... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. (2018). Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet (Tyrannulus elatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57133 on 16 December 2018).