Family Cardinals (Cardinalidae)

Least Concern

Yellow-green Grosbeak (Caryothraustes canadensis)


French: Cardinal flavert German: Gelbbauchkardinal Spanish: Picogrueso verdiamarillo

Loxia canadensis


, 1766,

Canada; error = Cayenne, French Guiana


Has been treated as conspecific with C. poliogaster (which see). Race simulans sometimes included in latter species. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. c. simulans Nelson, 1912 – Cerro Pirre (E Darién), in E Panama.
  • C. c. canadensis (Linnaeus, 1766) – SE Colombia (Vaupés), S Venezuela (Amazonas, Bolívar, Delta Amacuro), the Guianas and N Brazil (E Amazonas and N Pará E to N Piauí).
  • C. c. frontalis (Hellmayr, 1905) – NE Brazil (Paraíba, Pernambuco and Alagoas).
  • C. c. brasiliensis Cabanis, 1851 – EC Brazil (E Bahia, E Minas Gerais, Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro).
  • Descriptive notes

    17–18·5 cm; 31–36 g; 15 cm (simulans). Nominate race has top of head and entire upperparts, including rectrices and remiges, yellowish-green, remiges with yellow... read more


    Noisy. Song, given at dawn, a lively, continuous, monotonous “chap chap cheeweep”. Calls from... read more


    Lowland humid forest and forest borders, especially in areas of high rainfall; sea-level to 1000 m... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet mixed animal and vegetable; in Suriname, stomach contents included beetles (Coleoptera), cockroaches (Blattodea) and their oothecae,... read more


    Young being fed at nest in late Mar and late Nov in French Guiana, nest in Jan in Brazil (near Manaus), and pair building nest in Feb in... read more


    Apparently sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common in suitable habitat in much of range. Race simulans has very restricted geographical distribution in Darién, in E Panama; was... read more

    Recommended citation

    Brewer, D. (2019). Yellow-green Grosbeak (Caryothraustes canadensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 November 2019).