Family Tinamous (Tinamidae)

Near Threatened

Yellow-legged Tinamou (Crypturellus noctivagus)


French: Tinamou noctivague German: Gelbfußtinamu Spanish: Tinamú patigualdo

Tinamus noctivagus


, 1820,

Espírito Santo, Brazil


Very similar to previous species, but separated by voice and by colour of legs and eggs; taxonomy of this group somewhat confused#R. Very close to several other species of Crypturellus, and may include C. duidae and C. atrocapillus. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. n. zabele (Spix, 1825) – NE Brazil (S Piauí and Pernambuco S to Bahia and Minas Gerais).
  • C. n. noctivagus (Wied, 1820) – SE Brazil (E Minas Gerais and extreme S Bahia S to Rio Grande do Sul).
  • Descriptive notes

    29–32·5 cm; male 533–602 g. Nominate race has a fuscous-grey cap, becoming paler slaty grey on neck down to chest, often with some vinaceous-brown tinge on... read more


    Distinctive song low-pitched, slow and mournful, usually of 4 notes, e.g. “a-ooo, u-u”... read more


    Tropical zone in forest, thorn-scrub, savanna woodland and gallery forest; to c. 300 m.

    Food and feeding

    Seeds, shoots, plant matter and insects, especially beetles (Coleoptera) and ants (Formicidae). Forages on ground. Generally solitary, but... read more


    Breeds in Nov in S of range, but nest with eggs in second week of May in N (Piauí). Possibly exhibits lek behaviour. Nest a shallow... read more


    Presumably sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Fairly common to rare. Believed to be suffering fairly rapid decline in numbers as a result of both... read more

    Recommended citation

    Cabot, J., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Yellow-legged Tinamou (Crypturellus noctivagus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 August 2019).