Often treated as conspecific with H. carmioli, the two being morphologically very similar, but quite easily separated by their different vocalizations, including song; further investigation desirable. Monotypic.
S Colombia at E base of Andes (Caquetá and Nariño), Ecuador (along E base of Andes N of Lumbaquí, in Sucumbíos; Loja–Zamora Road in extreme SE), and E base of Andes in Peru (San Martín S to Pasco, and from Cuzco) S to WC Bolivia (Cochabamba).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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