Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Least Concern

Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis)


French: Oriole jaune German: Orangebrusttrupial Spanish: Turpial amarillo

Xanthornus nigrogularis


, 1819,

north Brazil


Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • I. n. nigrogularis (Hahn, 1819) – NW & NE Colombia (Caribbean region S to middle Magdalena Valley, and in Meta and Vichada), Venezuela (from Zulia E, mostly N of R Orinoco, to Delta Amacuro), Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana, and N Brazil (Roraima and Amapá).
  • I. n. curasoensis Ridgway, 1884 – Leeward Antilles (Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire).
  • I. n. helioeides A. H. Clark, 1902 – Margarita I, off N Venezuela.
  • I. n. trinitatis E. J. O. Hartert, 1913 – Trinidad, and nearby NE Venezuela (Paria Peninsula).
  • Descriptive notes

    20–21 cm; male average 39·5 g, female average 37·4 g (Suriname). Male nominate race has black area around eye and lores (mask) and in narrow band from chin to upper breast (... read more


    Song relatively soft, consists of repeated flute-like notes mixed with buzzes and harsher notes.... read more


    In Caribbean region mostly in arid to semi-arid woodland and scrub, with cacti, mesquite (... read more

    Food and feeding

    Stomach contents of 14 birds from Netherlands Antilles all included animal matter, and in eight cases also vegetal matter. Insects were... read more


    Season Jan–Aug in Trinidad, Feb–Aug in Suriname, and May–Sept in llanos of Venezuela. Apparently monogamous and territorial.... read more


    Apparently resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common throughout most of range. Very abundant in N Venezuela and on nearby islands; also numerous in parts of Netherlands Antilles, but rare on... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fraga, R. (2020). Yellow Oriole (Icterus nigrogularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).