Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)


Yellow-ridged Toucan (Ramphastos culminatus)


French: Toucan à culmen jaune German: Weißkehltukan Spanish: Tucán piquilistado

Ramphastos culminatus


, 1833,

Mexico; error = Rio Solimões, Brazil


One of the so-called “croaking group” of toucans (see R. toco), along with three species usually considered conspecific with it, namely R. citreolaemus, R. vitellinus and R. ariel, because of extensive hybrid populations which render it difficult to draw strict boundaries separating forms geographically. Nevertheless, present species is strongly distinct from R. citreolaemus and R. vitellinus (with R. ariel) by virtue of characters indicated under those taxa. Several previously described forms now known to represent hybrids: berliozi (R Negro, in N Brazil) and osculans (upper R Negro) are crosses between culminatus and vitellinus; and theresae (NE Brazil) and pintoi (SE Brazil) are hybrids of culminatus with ariel. Monotypic.


NW & SW Venezuela, and Colombia E of Andes, E to C & E Brazil (W Pará, Piauí) and S to C Bolivia, Mato Grosso and SE Brazil (NW São Paulo).

Descriptive notes

48 cm; male 285–455 g, female 320–400 g, R. citreolaemus × R. culminatus (one female) 360 g, R. vitellinus × R. culminatus male 315–380 g... read more


Song a frog-like, croaking series of bisyllabic “creeop, creeop, creeop...” notes, given at rate of... read more


Forested lowlands (frequently) near water, forest edge, swamp forest, clearings, riverine forest,... read more

Food and feeding

Diet and foraging behaviour generally very similar to R. vitellinus. In Peru, observed feeding on Ficus spp., ... read more


Presumably generally very similar to R. vitellinus, but no detailed studies referrable to the present species. Season generally... read more


None known.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Fairly common throughout its large range, but suspected to be declining. In lakeside Peruvian forest 2 pairs/100 ha, but 1·5 pairs/100 ha in mature... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Yellow-ridged Toucan (Ramphastos culminatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 February 2020).