Pitylus [Caryothraustes] humeralis
“Bogotá, Colombia” (trade skins of unknown provenance).
Formerly placed in Cardinalidae, often in Caryothraustes, but clearly divergent in morphology, plumage and behaviour; now confirmed as a tanager most closely related to Orchesticus abeillei#R. Taxonomic status of undescribed form from Ecuador as yet unclear. Monotypic.
Extreme S Colombia (E slope of Andes in Caquetá and Putumayo), E Ecuador (E slope from W Sucumbíos and W Napo S to Morona-Santiago), E Peru (Amazonas and Loreto S to Madre de Dios and N Puno), W & C Brazil (S Amazonas and Rondônia E to E Pará and NW Mato Grosso) and N Bolivia (La Paz and Cochabamba).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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