Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Yellow-throated Euphonia (Euphonia hirundinacea)


French: Organiste à gorge jaune German: Schwalbenorganist Spanish: Eufonia gorjiamarilla

Euphonia hirundinacea


, 1838,



Three further proposed Mexican races, suttoni (described from R Sabinas, near Gómez Farías, in SW Tamaulipas), russelli (from 2 km NE of Felipe Carrillo Puerto, in Quintana Roo) and caribbaea (from Monte Bello, N of Palomares, in Oaxaca), all subsumed into nominate. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. h. hirundinacea Bonaparte, 1838 – E & SE Mexico (from San Luis Potosí, S Tamaulipas, Puebla, N Oaxaca, Chiapas and Yucatán Peninsula) S through Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and E Nicaragua.
  • E. h. gnatho (Cabanis, 1861) – NW Nicaragua and Costa Rica (in Guanacaste, and Central Valley and Caribbean slope) S to W Panama (W Chiriquí).
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; 11·6–17·8 g. Small euphonia with small yellow forecrown. Male nominate race has small bright yellow patch on forehead extending back to eye; rest... read more


    Song of male includes high shrill and squeaky notes often rapidly alternated in choppy pattern of 2... read more


    Found in dry to humid regions, mainly along forest borders, second growth, shady plantations, and... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits and berries; probably also insects. Feeds heavily on mistletoe berries (Loranthaceae), and locally feeds heavily on figs (Ficus... read more


    Breeding reported in May and Aug in Mexico, Jun in Belize, Mar–May in Guatemala, and mainly Apr–Jul at in Costa Rica (Monteverde). Nest a... read more


    Resident over most of range; some local seasonal movements in response to food abundance likely. In... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common from Mexico S; in Costa Rica uncommon and local in dry areas of NW and in C valley, common to abundant in some Pacific-slope... read more

    Recommended citation

    Hilty, S. (2020). Yellow-throated Euphonia (Euphonia hirundinacea). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).