Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Zeledon’s Antbird (Hafferia zeledoni)


French: Alapi de Zeledon German: Panamáameisenvogel Spanish: Hormiguero de Zeledón

Myrmeciza zeledoni


, 1909,

Guayabo, Costa Rica


Until recently considered conspecific with H. immaculata, but treatment as separate species supported by analysis of morphology, biometrics and vocalizations#R; differs in its larger (usually concealed) white shoulder patch (2); darker and duller crown in female (1); slightly longer bill (effect size 1; score 1); faster-paced song (at least 2) with more, shorter notes (at least 2). Both races originally described in same publication, on same page; zeledoni awarded priority by First Reviser#R. Race berlepschi previously listed as macrorhyncha, when species was treated in Myrmeciza with Sipia berlepschi, which has priority. Two subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. z. zeledoni (Ridgway, 1909) – extreme S Nicaragua (San Juan) S to W Panama (Bocas del Toro, Chiriquí, Coclé, Veraguas).
  • H. z. berlepschi (Ridgway, 1909) – E Panama (E Darién), Pacific slope in Colombia and W Ecuador (S to W Loja).
  • Descriptive notes

    17–19 cm; 39·9–55·5 g. Bare periorbital area wide, pale blue. Male basically all black, with variable white anterior lesser wing-coverts (concealed), wing-bend and edges to... read more


    Loudsong a series of rather evenly paced, slightly downslurred whistles (e.g. nine notes, 2·9... read more


    Understorey of humid evergreen forest, forest borders and older second growth, primarily in wet... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on variety of arthropods; also on small lizards and frogs. Recorded prey in Costa Rica and Panama include grasshoppers (Acrididae),... read more


    Very little known, with the first nest being reported only recently. Fledglings reported in Jun–Jul in Costa Rica (Braulio Carrillo), and... read more


    Presumed resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Status not well known; seemingly uncommon throughout most of its rather extensive range. Regions occupied by this species include a... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Zeledon’s Antbird (Hafferia zeledoni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).