Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Zimmer's Tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus minimus)


French: Todirostre de Zimmer German: Zwergtodityrann Spanish: Titirijí de Zimmer

Snethlagea minima


, 1925,

Itaituba, Rio Tapajós, Brazil


Long regarded as a weakly defined race of H. minor; however, revision of original series of specimens revealed presence of two separate species, and that name minimus referred to the species previously known as H. aenigma, which thereby became a junior synonym#R. Monotypic.


Scattered Amazonian localities in SE Ecuador (Kapawi), E Peru (near Iquitos, upper Ucayali#R), Brazil (NW Acre and Amazonas E to E Pará and S to Tocantins and Mato Grosso), and NE Bolivia (E Pando, E Beni, N Santa Cruz); suspected to occur widely across Amazonia where appropriate habitat exists.

Descriptive notes

10 cm; 6–8 g. Has upper­parts brownish-olive, darker brown crown streaked darker dusky; lores and indistinct eyering buffy, auriculars brown; wings dusky, two... read more


Soft, twittering, tinkling, ventriloquial trills that are rather loud (but difficult to locate),... read more


Stunted forest and vine tangles in black-water regions, on nutrient-poor sandy soil, this... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. Forages in pairs in crowns of stunted forest trees (9–12 m), and at similar heights among viny tangles in foliage of taller... read more


No information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon and very local. Occurs in Rio Cristalino Forest Reserve and Jaú and Tapajós National Parks, in Brazil; Kapawi Ecological Reserve, in Ecuador... read more

Recommended citation

Clock, B. (2019). Zimmer's Tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus minimus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 8 December 2019).