French: Cisticole des joncs German: Zistensänger Spanish: Cistícola buitrón
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
C. j. uropygialis
(Fraser, 1843) – S Mauritania and Senegal E to Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, SW Arabia and N Kenya.
C. j. perennius
Lynes, 1930 – E DRCongo, Uganda, Kenya (except N) and N Tanzania, including islands of Pemba, Zanzibar and Mafia.
C. j. terrestris
(A. Smith, 1842) – African Zitting Cisticola – Gabon and Congo, Angola, S DRCongo and S Tanzania S to South Africa.
C. j. cisticola
(Temminck, 1820) – W France, Iberian Peninsula, Balearic Is and NW Africa.
C. j. juncidis
(Rafinesque, 1810) – Western Zitting Cisticola – S France and Italy E to Balkans, Greece, W Turkey and Syria, also Corsica, Sardinia, Sicily, Crete and Egypt.
C. j. neuroticus
R. Meinertzhagen, 1920 – SC Turkey, Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Iraq and W Iran.
C. j. cursitans
(Franklin, 1831) – E Afghanistan and Pakistan E to N Myanmar and S China (W Yunnan), S to SE India and Sri Lanka (dry lowlands).
C. j. salimalii
Whistler, 1936 – SW India (Kerala).
C. j. omalurus
Blyth, 1851 – Sri Lanka (except low-lying dry areas).
C. j. malaya
Lynes, 1930 – S Myanmar, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Nicobar Is, Sumatra and satellites and W Java.
C. j. tinnabulans
(Swinhoe, 1859) – Double Zitting Cisticola – C, E & S China, Taiwan, Hainan, Indochina and Philippines (except Batan Is, Culion and Palawan).
C. j. nigrostriatus
Parkes, 1971 – Culion and Palawan (W Philippines).
C. j. fuscicapilla
Wallace, 1864 – E Java, Kangean Is, Bawean I and Lesser Sundas (E to Timor, Wetar, Kisar, Leti and Moa).
C. j. constans
Lynes, 1938 – Sulawesi and adjacent islands (including Peleng, Muna, Butung and Tukangbesi).
C. j. leanyeri
Givens & Hitchcock, 1953 – coastal areas of N Australia (extreme NE Western Australia and N Northern Territory), Melville I.
C. j. normani
Mathews, 1914 – NW Queensland (S & SE Gulf of Carpentaria), in N Australia.
C. j. laveryi
Schodde & Mason, 1979 – E Cape York and C Queensland coast, in NE Australia; also (possibly this race) S New Guinea.
C. j. brunniceps
(Temminck & Schlegel, 1850) – Japanese Zitting Cisticola – S Korea, Japan (S from Honshu, including Ryukyu Is and Izu Is) and extreme N Philippines (Batan Is).
10–14 cm; male 7–12 g, female 5–8 g. A small cisticola with a medium-short, rounded tail and streaked upperparts. Male nominate race breeding has rather... read more
Male song, from perch or in flight, a “zip” or “tsip” note monotonously... read more
Open grasslands, including seasonally flooded and grassy wetlands, meadows, fallow lands and... read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly insects and small invertebrates, especially grasshoppers (Orthoptera) in Palearctic; other prey include insect larvae, mantids... read more
Season protracted, mainly Mar–Sept in Europe (rarely at other times, e.g. Nov in Malta), Mar–Jul in India, throughout year (... read more
Largely resident throughout most of range, subject to local movements often linked to seasonal... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common throughout much of its range. European population estimated at c. 3,000,000–4,000,000 “pairs”, of which more... read more
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