Populations from E Panama and South America sometimes awarded separate race, abbreviatus, on basis of smaller size, but not generally accepted. Monotypic.
Range disjunct or incompletely known. S USA (Arizona to Texas) and adjacent NW & N Mexico (Baja California; Sonora to Nuevo León) S through Central America (maybe only locally as breeder) to Panama, including Pearl Is. In South America, distribution nearly encircles Amazon Basin: Ecuador; Peru; Colombia (Santa Marta Mts to Magdalena, E of Andes from Meta to Amazonas) E through N & SE Venezuela to the Guianas and Trinidad; N, E & SE Brazil (Amazon Delta and I de Marajó S & E through Ceará, Pernambuco, Alagoas and Bahia to Paraná) W through Paraguay to N & E Bolivia (Beni, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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