French: Grive musicienne German: Singdrossel Spanish: Zorzal común
C. L. Brehm
Subspecies and Distribution
T. p. hebridensis
W. E. Clarke, 1913 – W Scotland (Outer Hebrides, I of Skye, W mainland coast) and W Ireland.
T. p. clarkei
E. J. O. Hartert, 1909 – W Europe; in winter also SW Europe and NW Africa.
T. p. philomelos
C. L. Brehm, 1831 – Europe (except W), N Turkey, Caucasus area and N Iran; winters in W & S Europe, N & NE Africa, Arabian Peninsula and SW Asia.
T. p. nataliae
Buturlin, 1929 – W & C Siberia S to Altai; winters in NE Africa and SW Asia.
20–23 cm; 50–107 g. Nominate race is plain brown above, slightly more olive-tinged on rump, weak buff spotting on wing-coverts, vague dark auricular bar and buff-... read more
Song, by male, commonly (but not only) in relatively deep twilight, a very loud, vigorous, long-... read more
Breeds in almost all types of temperate forest and woodland, generally in lowlands and valleys but... read more
Food and feeding
Invertebrates and berries. Animal food in W Palearctic includes adult and larval beetles (Coleoptera) of at least 15 families, adult and... read more
Mainly mid-Mar to mid-Aug in W Europe, starting a month later in C & N Europe; 2–3 broods in C & S of range; introduced... read more
Mainly migratory; populations in W & S of breeding range sedentary, partial migrants or short-... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common to fairly common; uncommon in Armenia. Total population in Europe in mid-1990s estimated at 14,127,336–18,470,... read more
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